With millions of tons of waste being generated every year and nowhere to put it, scientists have developed a method of converting any waste, no matter how toxic or dangerous, safely and efficiently into a clean fuel gas. Plasma Arc Gasification produces no pollution, and we will use it to make landfills obsolete, and restore planet earth’s environment.
Dirty Diapers, concrete, sludge, even hazardous biomedical waste can be transformed into energy and other useful elements using Plasmagasification technology.
According to a study by the Worldwatch Institute, growing prosperity and urbanization could double worldwide municipal solid waste production by 2025 – from 1.3 billion tons to 2.6 billion tons. Without Plasma Arc Gasification technology, this would be a worrisome statistic, but with it there is nothing to worry about, since there is no longer such a thing as garbage. What used to be considered garbage, is now a commercially valuable, renewable, and sustainable resource.
How does it work?
Plasma, also called the 4th state of matter, can exceed temperatures of 7,000 degrees centigrade – that’s three times hotter than petrochemical fuels burn, and hotter than the surface of the sun.
Inside the chamber, two electrodes create an electric arc so hot, that it breaks down materials into their atomic elements. Even though the materials are being exposed to intense heat, they are not being burnt or incinerated. According to Plasco Energy scientist Andreas Tsangaris, “Plasmagasification works in the absence, or near absence of oxygen. Therefore it’s a process of decomposition, and not combustion.” The result is energy produced from emission-free molecular deconstruction.
Useful Byproducts of Plasma Arc Gasification
- The fuel gas produced by Plasma Arc Gasification can be used to generate electricity, produce fresh water, heat and cool buildings, power vehicles, and virtually anything else we need energy for.
- A small amount of rock-like glassy by-product, called “vitrified slag”, can be safely used by the metals industry, the construction industry, or as road bed material for building highways.
How Much Energy Can We Produce Using This Technology?
The world produces approximately 1.3 billion tons of municipal solid waste annually, and plasma gasification of 1 ton of average municipal solid wastes would send about 815 Kilowatt-hours of electricity to the grid.
Let’s do a little math…
1,300,000,000 (tons of municipal solid waste per year) x 815 kWh (electricity)= 1,059,500,000,000 kWh
At the mid-peak time of day, hydro in the U.S. costs about 10.9 cents per kWh.
1,059,500,000,000 kWh x 10.9 cents/kWh
Therefore, if the world used all of their “garbage” to produce energy using Plasma Arc Gasification Technology, we would generate about $115.5 billion in clean energy every year, for free. Plasmagasification of municipal solid waste has the potential to create more energy than the projected energy from solar, wind, landfill gas and geothermal energies combined.
When Will it be Implemented?
Although we need many more Plasma Arc Gasification plants around the world, it is already in used in some places, and in places where it’s not, progress is quickly being made.
- Developing rapidly across Europe, companies such as UK-headquartered Advanced Plasma Power (APP) has already formed a joint venture to gasify thousands of tonnes of waste unearthed from a landfill mining project in Belgium.
- Since 2002, two commercial waste-to-energy plasma gasification plants have been operating successfully in Japan.
- In December 2012, the city of Ottawa, Ontario signed a deal with Plasco Energy to build a 150,000 tonnes per year Plasma Arc Gasification waste-to-energy facility. According to the Ottawa Citizen, “Plasco has two major things it needs to do: sell its technology to other markets, China is very interested, and build a full scale working processing plant in Ottawa.” Newly appointed CEO Raymond Floyd has just what it takes to make that happen.
- Plasco has already signed a letter of intent with one of China’s largest state owned enterprises called Shougang. When it goes through, the agreement will bring Plasco Energy technology on line by 2017, a plan that will convert about 3,000 tons a day of Beijing’s garbage into clean fuel.